Table 8: Deductive Reasoning for the Last Conclusion (Essay), Light in August

Below is a table that falls under the comment “Logic and Articulation.”

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Table 8:  Deductive Reasoning for the Last Conclusion (Essay), Light in August

 1.  Premise The role of Burch within the novel, as a revealer of truth, contradicts Faulkner’s construction of Christmas.
 2.  Premise  As creator-narrator, Faulkner uses Burch to classify Christmas, to reveal his racial heredity.
 3.  Conclusion But just as Faulkner creates Joe, he creates Burch.
 4.  Conclusion So, if he is able to have Burch classify Christmas, then shouldn’t Christmas be able to classify himself?
 5.  Conclusion And shouldn’t Faulkner also be able to classify his character without Burch as a way of bringing certainty to Christmas’s life?
 6.  Conclusion These contradictions represent a double consciousness in Faulkner that illustrates his inability to reconcile the nature of his character, Joe Christmas, with that of the nature of society, to include his perspective.
 7.  Conclusion In this instance, Faulkner’s double consciousness is a weakness because it involves a dual depiction of Christmas’s struggle with identity and the other members’ preservation of social norms.

The last two conclusions represent the end of what should be a deductive argument, but the reason why this paragraph is not a deductive argument is because of the first three conclusions.  If we remove the first three conclusions, then we will have a deductive argument; we will have conclusions that are dependent upon their premises (i.e., according to Engel, conclusions that follow from its premises).  Let’s remove them.

Click here for Table 7: Exercise in Deductive/Inductive Reasoning, Light in August.

Click here for Table 9: Constructing a Deductive Argument, Light in August.

Copyright 2011 Regina Y. Favors. All Rights Reserved.

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