Below is a table that falls under the comment “Logic and Articulation.”
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Table 8: Deductive Reasoning for the Last Conclusion (Essay), Light in August
|1. Premise||The role of Burch within the novel, as a revealer of truth, contradicts Faulkner’s construction of Christmas.|
|2. Premise||As creator-narrator, Faulkner uses Burch to classify Christmas, to reveal his racial heredity.|
|3. Conclusion||But just as Faulkner creates Joe, he creates Burch.|
|4. Conclusion||So, if he is able to have Burch classify Christmas, then shouldn’t Christmas be able to classify himself?|
|5. Conclusion||And shouldn’t Faulkner also be able to classify his character without Burch as a way of bringing certainty to Christmas’s life?|
|6. Conclusion||These contradictions represent a double consciousness in Faulkner that illustrates his inability to reconcile the nature of his character, Joe Christmas, with that of the nature of society, to include his perspective.|
|7. Conclusion||In this instance, Faulkner’s double consciousness is a weakness because it involves a dual depiction of Christmas’s struggle with identity and the other members’ preservation of social norms.|
The last two conclusions represent the end of what should be a deductive argument, but the reason why this paragraph is not a deductive argument is because of the first three conclusions. If we remove the first three conclusions, then we will have a deductive argument; we will have conclusions that are dependent upon their premises (i.e., according to Engel, conclusions that follow from its premises). Let’s remove them.
Click here for Table 7: Exercise in Deductive/Inductive Reasoning, Light in August.
Click here for Table 9: Constructing a Deductive Argument, Light in August.
Copyright 2011 Regina Y. Favors. All Rights Reserved.