Figure 71: Sample Pre-Writing Outline

Below is an excerpt that falls under the comment “Analysis.”

You may access the comment by clicking on the “Analysis (Glossary Comment)” and “Case Studies” categories or by typing “The FAVORS Body Paragraph Analysis Structure: Pre-Analysis Process” into the search box.

You may print the excerpt for class discussions.

Pre-Analysis Sentences

You should make your point quickly in the first one to five sentences. The reader should not read your topic sentence in the last sentence of the whole paragraph or in the middle of the paragraph. Think about what you want your thesis to be, what you believe; and then come up with three reasons why you feel the way you do or three ways of outlining your method for teaching the reader. Consider the following example of how you would develop a thesis and topic sentences:

Figure 71: Sample Pre-Writing Outline


In this paper, I will discuss how Steinbeck provides a character description of Elisa, the method he chooses to describe this character, and how he uses the structure of “Chrysanthemums” to convey his characterization of Elisa.

Topic Sentence

Steinbeck begins his description of Elisa at the beginning of the short story.

Topic Sentence

Steinbeck chooses two methods to describe Elisa. The first method he chooses is that of 3rd-person omniscient; he doesn’t allow Elisa to describe herself. The second method he chooses is that of allowing Elisa to assert some confidence with the visitor. When the visitor challenges her ability as an individual, Elisa stands her ground.

Topic Sentence

Steinbeck doesn’t present the structure of the story with chronological wording and transition words such as first, second, third, or next.

 Always keep it simple. How you present the information should be simple. Once you are able to present the information as simply as you can, you will not have a problem with the analysis. Briefly, this is the outline of the structure for the pre-analysis sentences of a single body paragraph.

First Sentence: Topic sentence supports thesis.

Second Sentence: Explanation of topic sentences in the form(s) of description, example, definition

Third Sentence(s): Supporting evidence for topic sentence

Direct quote or Paraphrase (cited)

Fourth Sentence: Follow-up explanation of quote

Fifth Sentence: Follow-up evaluation of quote (Analysis begins here.)

Group Activity

1) Create and develop a pre-writing outline for each of your body paragraphs.

2) Use the illustration above to create your first five (5) sentences for each of your paragraphs.

3) Exchange papers. Peer tutor and revise portions of the student’s paper for clarity.

4) Offer suggestions.

Copyright 2011 Regina Y. Favors. All Rights Reserved.

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