Chapter 9: Revising the Analysis (The Fifth Draft)


In Chapter 8: Revising for Transition, Unity, and Organization (Body Paragraphs), you learned the importance of revising ideas, examples, and statements that reflect transitional phrasing. The chapter introduced three important margin comments. Through these comments, you learned how to evaluate and weigh the transitional wording used within your papers. Chapter 8 is a unique part of the glossary because it serves as a culmination of all of the chapters that precede it and it also serves as a preparatory tool for subsequent chapters and exercises.

With this in mind, Chapter 9: Revising the Analysis falls under Part Four: The Post-Writing Evaluation Phase, which is the longest part of the book and which also houses the longest chapter, comprising over 100 pages of tips, tools, and revision solutions. The term “analysis” serves as the only margin comment for the chapter. It is the only comment of the glossary converted into a full chapter.

Professors often write such comments as “need more analysis here” or just use the word “analysis” in the margins of the paper to signify to the student that their paper lacks this key ingredient. They typically place this comment near a body paragraph that either reflects plot summary or needs an extended evaluation. For example, plot summary is never supposed to serve as the major foundation of an academic paper. Teachers don’t assign writing tasks so students can flood their papers with plot summary.

At the college level, the student must demonstrate a critical understanding of the literary work or course text and provide the type of thinking expressed in analysis that best reflects an analytical view of the work, giving particular attention to context. On the other hand, if you have analysis, sometimes your professor will use this comment as a tool to help you further develop an idea. The idea may require more analysis, or more detail that directly correlates with other details you express within your paper.

Therefore, Chapter 9 is the most unique part of the glossary. The chapter begins by offering definitions for key composition terms. The guiding principle of the chapter is you have to know what you are doing before you can actually do it. For example, developing an analysis is not just related to including ideas and discussing them. There’s more to analyzing a thought or the ideas the author expresses within a text than just presenting a couple of sentences. The process of analyzing requires a good understanding of words such as “evaluate,” “persuade,” and “define.” When your professor includes these terms as a basis for adhering to the requirements of an essay prompt, your task is to review the definitions. The infinitive “to persuade” is not the same thing as “to convince.” In the same manner, defining a term is not the same thing as analyzing it. Knowing the definitions of key writing and composition terms is half the battle. When you begin to execute what you know, you will be able to represent the material (analysis) appropriately and accurately.

A unique feature of the chapter is the ANALYSIS acronym, which stands for Account, Number, Abbreviate, Level, Yank, Sample, Integrate, and Sand. The chapter is divided into sections based upon the acronym and provides additional step-by-step solutions for correcting particular problems with an analysis paragraph. Through exercises and examples, we teach you how to 1) outline characters’ actions chronologically by identifying gaps and discrepancies (Account); 2) correct mismatched chronology (Number); 3) remove plot summaries and revise quotes (Abbreviate); 4) balance viewpoints and develop comparisons appropriately and also square your analysis (Level); 5) delete irrelevant and relevant supporting evidence (Yank); 6) take quotes and examine them in light of your own statements to ensure they are both complementary (Sample); 7) incorporate the thesis throughout the analysis to ensure conformity (Integrate); and 8) revise for grammar, which is the very last part of the revision process (Sand).

Under multiple sections, Chapter 9 offers guides for revising analysis. For example, The FAVORS Body Paragraph Analysis Structure provides options for developing one or more types of analyses within the paper. The section introduces the following analysis options: Description Analysis, Example Analysis, Comparison and Contrast Analysis, Process Analysis, and Quote Analysis, to name a few.

To correct issues with logic, the chapter offers The FAVORS Step-by-Step Process to Correcting Mismatched Chronology.

Lastly, the chapter includes an additional section for students who need to revise plot summary. The FAVORS Step-by-Step Process: Abbreviating Quotes, Plot Summary, and Analysis offers a three-part process for removing irrelevant statements and quotes.

Throughout the chapter, you will explore sample excerpts, tables, and suggestions for correcting and revising your analysis. The chapter is practical and offers solutions for correcting specific areas of your paper. 

The step-by-step processes below fall under the fifth draft. Click on any one of the links to access content.

The FAVORS Body Paragraph Analysis Structure
Acronym for ANALYSIS Tasks
The FAVORS Step-by-Step Process for Correcting Mismatched Chronology
The FAVORS Step-by-Step Process: Abbreviating Plot Summary, Quotes, and Analysis
The FAVORS Step-by-Step Squaring Process
The FAVORS Definition of Thesis

Copyright 2011 Regina Y. Favors. All Rights Reserved.

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